206,413 (people with main residence in Mainz)
209.140 (including people with secondary residence in Mainz; as of 31/10/2014)
Left of the Rhine: 9,776 ha
Right of the Rhine (Amöneburg, Kastel, Kostheim): 2,269 ha
Northern hemisphere; latitude 49.992862, longitude 8.247253
(reference point: western tower of cathedral)
Auf der Muhl, Mainz-Ebersheim, 245 m above sea level
Bank of Rhine at Mainz-Mombach, 82 m above sea level
Tallest historic building:
Tower of St. Martin's Cathedral, 84 m
Tallest modern building:
Bonifatius Towers, 95 m
To Frankfurt Airport: 27 km
To Frankfurt: 30 km
Mainz has 15 urban districts: Altstadt, Bretzenheim, Drais, Ebersheim, Finthen, Gonsenheim, Hartenberg/Münchfeld, Hechtsheim, Laubenheim, Lerchenberg, Marienborn, Mombach, Neustadt, Oberstadt and Weisenau.
The three urban districts of Amöneburg, Kastel and Kostheim on the right bank of the Rhine were separated from the city by the Allied Occupation Forces in 1945 and are still governed directly from Wiesbaden. De facto, they are however part of the city of Mainz.
Mainz is twinned with eleven cities and towns around the globe: Baku (Azerbaijan), Dijon (France), Erfurt (Thuringia/Germany), Haifa (Israel), Kigali (Ruanda), Longchamp (France), Louisville (Kentucky/USA), Rodeneck (South Tyrol/Italy), Valencia (Spain), Watford (Great Britain) and Zagreb (Croatia).
Since 1831, 47 people have been made honorary citizens of Mainz.
City coat of arms:
The coat of arms of Mainz features two silver wheels on a red background linked by a cross.
In May 2013, Mainz became a Fairtrade city. For more information, visit www.mainz.de.
In 2005, Mainz was awarded the title of "Barrier-free City" by the UNESCO office APAJH.
|13-12 BCE||The Romans establish a double legionary base on the hill of Kästerich|
|975 - 1011||Archbishop Willigis - construction of St. Martin's Cathedral|
|ca. 1000 - 1802||Capital of the Archdiocese of Mainz|
|13th - 15th century||Mainz is a free city|
|ca. 1440||Johannes Gutenberg invents movable type printing|
|1452 - 1455||Gutenberg prints the famous Gutenberg Bible in Mainz|
|1462||Loss of free city status as Mainz is conquered by the troops of the Archbishop of Nassau. Mainz becomes his residential city without autonomy.|
|1477||Foundation of university|
|1792/93||Republic of Mainz|
|1798 - 1814||Mainz is part of France|
|1815||Mainz becomes a fortress of the German Federation|
|1826||Establishment of middle Rhine steamboat company (initiating tourism in the area)|
|1837/38||Foundation of Ranzengarde and Mainz Carnival Society to head the carnival organisation|
|1872||Major city expansion (development of Neustadt)|
|1873||Mainz becomes imperial fortress|
|1907 - 1938||First incorporation of neighbouring town (Mombach), followed soon by other towns on both sides of the Rhine|
|After 1918||Demolition of all fortifications|
|Second World War||Destruction of four fifth of city centre|
|1945||Mainz becomes capital of Rhineland-Palatinate; districts right of the Rhine put under direct administration by the Allied Occupation Forces|
|1946||Reopening of Mainz University as Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz|
|1950||Relocation of state parliament and government offices from Koblenz to Mainz|
|1962||Second German state television station sets up its studios in Mainz; development of residential area of Lergenberg|
|1969||Drais, Ebersheim, Finthen, Hechtsheim, Laubenheim and Marienborn incorporated into the city|
|1975||1000th anniversary of St. Martin's Cathedral|
|1981||Discovery of eleven Roman ships (remains of late Antiquity Rhine fleet based in Mainz)|
|1995||Renovation of Theodor-Heuss-Brücke|
|2000||600th anniversary of Johannes Gutenberg|
|2001||Archaeologists excavate highly significant Roman sanctuary of Isis and Mater Magna|
|2008||Mainz becomes a Great Wine Capital|
|2010||Donors' Association for the Promotion of Sciences and Humanities in Germany names Mainz "City of Science 2011"|