Roman Mainz

In Roman times, Mogontiacum was an important city of the empire. Initially, the Romans established a legionary base, or castrum, located on a strategic site opposite the mouth of the Main river. From here, the settlement spread and eventually became the military and administrative centre of the region. Mogontiacum often served as a military base for campaigns into the east and north of Germany. It soon attracted traders and craftsmen from near and far who set up civil settlements and ports along the Rhine.

For two centuries, Mogontiacum flourished under Roman rule until it succumbed to the ever increasing pressure of warring German tribes and other groups. The Roman era of Mainz came to an end around 406 CE.

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Roman theatre

The discoveries made during the construction of new paths to the citadel in Mainz from 1914 to 1916 were beyond imagination. One had come across an antique stage theatre of gigantic dimensions. The rows of spectators offered space for around ten thousand visitors - ten times more than would fit into the Great House of the Mainz State Theatre. mehr lesen ...


Cenotaph of Drusus

Nero Claudius Drusus - Drusus for short - was sent out to secure the borders and conquer Germanic territory on the other side of the Rhine. He is therefore regarded as the founder of the city of Mainz. Remains of the Drususstein, which was erected by the soldiers stationed in Mogontiacum in honour of the commander, can be seen on the citadel grounds. mehr lesen ...


Remains of Roman aqueduct

With the help of an aqueduct, the Roman legionary camp on Kästrich was also supplied with fresh spring water from Mainz-Finthen ("ad fontes"). The Roman stones are the remaining witnesses of the ancient water pipe, the highest north of the Alps. mehr lesen ...


Roman Gate & Castrum

The passage of the former Roman gate was more than four metres wide. It had been built from the stones of the demolished legionary camp, which was located on the site of today's university clinics and on Kästrich. It is one of the latest Roman city gates in Germany. mehr lesen ...


Arch of Dativius Victor

It is a relic from antiquity and is one of the most important Roman monuments in Germany to have been rebuilt: The original Dativius-Victor arch can be seen in the "Steinhalle" of the Landesmuseum, a copy is on Ernst-Ludwig-Platz. mehr lesen ...


Via Sepulcrum

Those who want to know how people lived in antiquity only have to study their graves. On the basis of the grave goods, as they were found on the grave field from the 1st century in the Mainz district of Weisenau, many conclusions can be drawn about life in antiquity. mehr lesen ...



Two altars belonging to the Mainz Mithras Sanctuary can be seen in a covered passageway at the Ballplatz. The cult of the Persian god of light was brought to Mogontiacum by soldiers in the 2nd century. It is certain that the largest Mithras sanctuary in Mainz was located in the discovery area of these altars. mehr lesen ...


Jupiter Column

The nine metre high Jupiter Column is a good example of how lively ancient buildings can tell of the past. The inscription at the foot of the column brings light to an eventful chapter of Roman history at the time of Emperor Nero. mehr lesen ...


Isis- und Mater Magna-Heiligtum

In addition to finds such as oil lamps, offerings and figures, the foundations of a Roman temple, which was probably used until the third century A.D., can be seen here.> mehr lesen ...

Museum of Ancient Seafaring

The Museum of Ancient Navigation of the RGZM shows a variety of ancient vessels: from simple boats and canoes to merchant ships and military patrol ships and battleships.> mehr lesen ...


Romano-Germanic Central Museum

The Romano-Germanic Central Museum is both a research institute and a museum of archaeology.> mehr lesen ...


Mainz State Museum

In addition to Roman stone monuments and prehistoric and early historical finds from the Middle Rhine, the Mainz state museum's holdings include works of painting, sculpture and craftsmanship from the Middle Ages to the present day.> mehr lesen ...

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